Safe loading and securing of cargo

29 September, 2022 |

Correct loading and securing of cargo in trucks is essential to ensure safe road transport. It is therefore important that the securing of the load on the vehicle is carried out in accordance with appropriate standards and without prejudice to national requirements. In order to increase road safety, the IRU has prepared the following checklist of harmonized guidelines for the safe loading and securing of loads.

Before loading:

  • Choose the right vehicle for transport.
  • Make sure the floor and body of the cargo box are clean.
  • Select the appropriate equipment and method of loading.
  • Determine the best attachment method (s) (block, top-down, direct) or a combination of these.
  • Select the number of lashing straps or chains to best secure the load.
  • Determine the number of anti-slip mats and other securing elements (pallets, protective angles, etc.) for the best load securing.

During loading and securing the load:

  • Pay attention to the permissible weight of the vehicle.
  • Observe the permissible axle loads of the truck and the permissible axle loads of the roads on which it is to be traversed
  • Combine and arrange the load optimally (lighter stuff on top, heavier stuff on the bottom)
  • Check that the lashings distribute the forces exerted by the load as evenly as possible and that the lashings are positioned at the correct angles
  • Loading must comply with the planned order of unloading.
  • Check the quality and condition of security elements.
  • Make sure there are no unnecessary spaces between loads.
  • Check that the securing devices do not damage the load and that the load does not damage the securing devices.

While driving:

  • Check the securing of the cargo at regular intervals, if necessary, during transport.
  • If emergency braking occurs in an emergency or other abnormal conditions, check the load in the nearest safe place.
  • Every time the load is partially unloaded from the vehicle or topped up, re-adjust and check the load securing.
  • Steer the vehicle smoothly and anticipate traffic situations to avoid sudden changes in direction or heavy braking: then the forces caused by the load will not increase.